Cataract surgery complication can cause permanent vision loss as the basis for writing his article
Cataract surgery complication
Cataracts are usually just normal symptoms of the aging process. Cataract is an aging-related vision disorder that causes vision to become cloudy and cloudy cloudy. Cataracts are the process of forming foggy areas on the lens of the eye which can affect vision. Most cataracts develop slowly and will not interfere with vision. However, over time the misty areas of the lens of the eye will increase in number and interfere with vision. In addition to causing sufferers to experience misty, blurred vision and increased difficulty seeing at night, cataracts also have other dangerous complications such as blindness. Cataracts are known to contribute approximately 50 percent of blindness in the world. It is also estimated, every year a new case of blindness due to cataract increases by 0.1 percent of the total population. However, of course this is not certain that someone suffering from cataracts can experience blindness immediately.
There are a number of common cataract complications that you can know before this eye disease actually causes vision loss in each sufferer. Frequent cataract complications are glaucoma that can occur due to phacolytic, phacotopic, and phacotoxic processes.
In a cloudy lens there is damage so the lens substance will come out which will accumulate in the corner of the anterior oculi camera, especially the lens capsule. With the discharge of the lens substance, the anterior oculi camera will also accumulate phagocyte powder or macrophages which function to absorb the lens substance. The stack will cover the angle of the anterior oculi camera so that glaucoma arises.
Based on the position of the lens Because of the process of intumesensi, iris, pushed in front of the angle of the anterior okuli camera becomes narrow. So that the flow of aqueaous humor is not smooth while production continues, as a result intraocular pressure will increase and glaucoma arises.
The substance of the lens in the anterior oculi camera is toxic to the eye itself (auto toxic). An antigen-antibody reaction occurs which results in uveitis, which then becomes glaucoma.
Complications from cataracts that are left are not small. Among them can be glaucoma as described, besides that it can also cause toxin that can attack the eye’s nerves. The most frightening effect of cataracts is blindness so that the sufferer can only feel the perception of light. One of the most common complications of cataract surgery is posterior capsule opacity (PCO). Although some people call PCO a “secondary-cataract”, it is actually not cataract. When the cataract is removed, the doctor will try to maintain the integrity of the lens capsule, and usually your vision after cataract surgery must be very clear. However, in about 20 percent of patients, the posterior capsule becomes blurred for a while during the recovery of cataract surgery or even months later, causing PCO. Posterior capsule opacification occurs because lens epithelial cells are left after cataract surgery has grown on the capsule. In some cases, if the condition is significant, your vision may be worse than before the cataract surgery.
Fortunately, the YAG laser can treat the posterior capsule opacity safely, effectively and without pain. This procedure is known as YAG laser capsulotomy. YAG laser capsulotomy only involves a few simple steps. Before the procedure is performed, the eyes are coated with eyedrops. Then, the laser removes the misty posterior capsule from your line of sight without making an incision or “touching” the eye. After YAG laser capsulotomy, you can resume the normal activity immediately. It should be noted that the YAG laser user removes the cloudy central zone of the posterior capsule behind the intraocular lens, the condition cannot return. So only one laser treatment is needed to permanently eliminate vision loss caused by posterior capsule opacification after cataract surgery.
Other examples of complications of cataract surgery are intraocular malposition or dislocation lenses. You might see the edge of the implant lens, or you can even develop double vision. If the intraocular lens becomes too damaged, your visual acuity can be reduced substantially. Complications of other potential cataract surgeries range from mild eye inflammation to visual damage. The risk of severe vision loss is very rare and can occur as a result of infection or bleeding in the eye. Some complications of cataract surgery occur moments later. For example, retinal detachment can occur several months or years after cataract procedures that are perfectly successful. Most patients with retinal detachment have good results if they see their ophthalmologist when the first symptoms begin and treatment is done immediately. However, a small portion will have substantially permanent and reduced vision. Other potential cataract surgery complications are mild and may include corneal or retinal swelling, increased pressure in the eye (ocular hypertension), and gloomy eyelids (ptosis). Minor complications are usually lost with medication and more healing time.
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